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Rat Fact File

Whilst it is said you are never more than 20 feet from a rat, you don’t want that 20 feet to be somewhere in your house! Here, we look at some useful rat facts and what you should do if you discover them in your home.

What you need to know about rats

In order to understand rats and the implications that they pose to you and your property we thought we would explain a little bit more about this creature, it’s habitat, how it survives, the diseases it carries and a few interesting rat facts.

  • Genus: Rattus
  • Class: Mammalia
  • Family: Muridae

Rats are members of the genus, Rattus. There is the black rat, Rattus Rattus and the brown rat, Rattus norvegicus. They are what are known as true rats. There are other members of the rodent family that have similar characteristics and appearance but aren’t actually true rats.

The main factor that differentiates rats from mice and other rodents is their size. Rats are much larger although in the wild they rarely weigh over 500g.

keep rats out

Origins of the rat

The rat originates from Asia and is thought to have managed to infiltrate large parts of the world due to its uncanny knack of stowing away on ships.

Gender

Male rats are known as bucks, female rats are known as does. A group of rats is known as a mischief

Habitat

Rats are what are known as opportunistic survivors therefore they often live close to humans where they can easily find sources of food and shelter.

Diseases

Rats are known to carry and transmit diseases therefore you don’t want to be sharing your home with them! Perhaps the most famous disease, which is believed to have been transmitted by rats, is the Black Death which was thought to have been caused by a micro-organism carried by the tropical rat flea. Foot and mouth is another disease that is attributed to rats. Rats are known to carry pathogens including LeptospiraToxoplasma gondii, and Campylobacter.

Lifespan

While it is difficult to determine the lifespan of a rat it is thought that they only live for about a year. This is largely due to predation.

Breeding

A female rat can breed as much as 500 times within a six-hour period. This period is known as a period of receptivity. This receptivity happens approx. 15 times a year. If you do those maths you can see why it is critical to keep rat numbers under control! A mating pair can produce 2,000 offspring per year.

how to get rid of Plymouth rats

Interesting rat facts

  • Rat’s teeth grow 4.5 to 5.5 inches per year but they grind them down by their constant gnawing on everything – pipes, wood, trees, cement, bricks and anything else that gets in their way.
  • A rat can survive being flushed down the toilet and can actually tread water for three days.
  • Rats don’t like to live alone. They tend to suffer from loneliness and depression. If one of their group is sick they will take care of them.
  • When a rat plays they omit a happy laughter sort of sound.

What to do if you have a rat in your home

Rats cause damage with their constant gnawing. they can chew through wood, pipes and electrical cables making them a fire hazard as well as a nuisance. They also spread diseases. if you think you have a rat in your home then it is imperative that you call in pest control experts to remove these pests. they will not only remove your guests but also help to ensure that they don’t find their way in again.

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Kay Soppet
Kay Soppet
2024-01-25
I was extremely pleased with Falcon Environmental Services. They were efficient, reliable, friendly and professional. I was happy that I found a local company to help with the problem of pests in my attic. They were always available to talk to explaining the situation to me and how they were going to deal with it. I really felt that they went over, above and beyond what I expected. Nothing was too much trouble, my calls and enquiries always returned with a friendly voice, care and consideration. I would honestly recommend them and use their company again if the need arises. It’s very comforting to find good, reliable professional people you can rely on. Thank you to everyone at FALCON.
Steven Newton
Steven Newton
2024-01-21
I would definitely use this company again very professional.
Marta Hawkins
Marta Hawkins
2024-01-19
Great service, super professional with a nice friendly touch. Always responsive and ready to adjust and accommodate extra needs. Highly recommend
Steve HOPPER
Steve HOPPER
2024-01-18
Fast friendly and knowledgeable, Matthew understands your problems and discusses and explains what can be done to sort the problem, uses various ways to solve or remove whatever is causing the problem, from rats, wasps, bee's, feral pigeons, you name, it Falconry Environment will work hard to find a solution for you...
Sarah Wilkinson
Sarah Wilkinson
2024-01-18
Great service, competitive pricing and friendly staff. Highly recommended
Shane
Shane
2024-01-18
Falcon is the best. Matt is and always such a professional approachable man. We have had the pleasure of using Falcon for a few reasons that they have alway had expert advice and responses.
John Adaway
John Adaway
2024-01-18
I have had the pleasure of working with Matthew and his team and would highly recommend Falcon Environmental Services their friendly and professional approach to the work they do.
Marc Payne
Marc Payne
2024-01-18
An excellent, professional and reliable service as always.
Aaron Brian
Aaron Brian
2024-01-18
Very professional service from every member of the team that I’ve dealt with. The team are extremely knowledgeable and always to willing to help when they can. Highly recommended company. Thanks Matt and the team.
Tracy Phillips
Tracy Phillips
2024-01-18
Very happy with service that we received. High level professional advice and follow-up work was provided by the company. Communication with the office was quick and responsive and colleagues who attended were prompt, helpful and skilled. Would fully recommend the service if and when required.

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