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Pigeon Fact File

Cities like Plymouth and Exeter suffer from invasions of pigeons and seagulls as do the coastal areas. Here, we take a look at some pigeon facts and learn more about this nuisance bird.
plymouth pigeon and seagull control

All you need to know about pigeons

Pigeons are a coastal bird that would once have inhabited cliff faces. Today, the pigeon, like many other birds, has learnt that humans offer the best food source. From bins to bird tables, the pigeon is a common sight. Let’s take a look at some pigeon facts and learn more about this nuisance bird.

  • Genus: Pigeons and Doves
  • Class: Columba
  • Family: Bird, reptile

The feral domestic pigeon is the species of pigeon most pest control calls relate to. With a large population, they also flock and roost in large numbers.

pigeon deterrent

Origins of the pigeon

The feral domestic (or rock) pigeon can be found in towns and cities all across the world. Some species are native to a country, but the early explorers often took different species of birds and animals with them, introducing them to new terrain. The feral domestic pigeon is known to be a mix of several different early species of pigeons that readily mated.


You can’t tell a male and female pigeon apart just by their colour. Similar in markings and colours, only a trained eye can easily determine the gender of adult pigeons. The male pigeon tends to have a thicker head and wider neck, looking more robust than a female of the same species.


The natural habitat of a pigeon is coastal cliff tops. But, with humans offering a ready food supply in the shape of waste, the ledges of buildings, including homes and city centres properties, make the perfect substitute for the cliff edges they would normally occupy.


Pigeons don’t carry diseases specific to them but like geese, starlings and house sparrows, they do carry a transmissible disease known as Histoplasmosis. This is a respiratory disease that can be fatal. It is caused by inhaling the fungus that grows on bird droppings. Hence, many people living in flats with balconies will need to take measures to keep pigeons from roosting on balconies etc. Pigeons also carry Candidiasis, a yeast or fungal infection that can be unpleasant.


In captivity a pigeon can live for up to 15 years however in the wild, a pigeon tends to live for between 3-4 years.


Evidence suggests that pigeons mate for life and although monogamy is mainly followed, extra-mates are not uncommon, something that is triggered by the male. Female pigeons produce crop milk – also known as pigeon milk – which she reproduces to feed her young. This means that pigeons can breed all year round.

Pigeons on roof

Interesting pigeon facts

  • The pigeon is a war hero, with many trained carrier pigeons successfully delivering 95% of mail and messages during both the First and Second World Wars. In fact, pigeons were used as messengers are far back as Roman times.
  • Pigeon’s eyes on the sides of their heads mean they see differently to us and bobbing their head improves their vision. They also bob their head to attract their lifelong mate.
  • If the conditions are at their optimum – great nest locations, plenty of food etc. – pigeons can mate and produce eggs up to eight times a year. The young don’t leave the nest until they are two months old and that’s why you don’t see baby pigeons around!
  • The pigeon is an intelligent bird, having passed the mirror test – in other words, it can recognise its own reflection.

What to do if you have a pigeon problem

While it is useful to know some pigeon facts, it is more important to know what to do if you have a pigeon problem. This bird will flock and roost in large numbers. Their wet droppings on pavements can be slippery, as well as unsightly. Likewise, pigeon droppings on the facade of buildings slowly erode it too.

Although they don’t dive bomb like seagulls can, there is no denying that the pigeon can be a nuisance. The law stipulates that action can be taken to control their population on land but that you cannot interfere with their nests, other than for reasons stipulated under what is known as ‘general licences’. That is why you should always consult with a professional, licensed bird control professional to deal with your nuisance bird problem.

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ken miller
ken miller
Had a very large wasp nest in my loft, which was sorted very quickly and professionally. Would definitely recommend and use again.
Sophie Stubbs
Sophie Stubbs
Absolutely fantastic service from Matthew. Good communication, kept to time and made us feel as ease about having pests on the house! Thank you so much!
We had a great service from Falcon. They were efficient. Responsive and informative. Mo (Mohammad) was really friendly, kind, efficient and gave us great information that was really interesting. We had been struggling with a hornets nest, he advised it was the biggest he had seen. He was really kind and gave a great service and they have all gone now! I highly recommend Falcon and their team, from when I called up to the end result was 5*. Khara Pierre
daniel m
daniel m
Again! Falcon environmental services to the rescue. Excellent service from matthew and the team at Falcon environmental. Expert knowledge as always! Very informative. Solved the pest control problem i had. Would highly recommend. 5 star service.
Jan Smith
Jan Smith
Can highly recommend Falcon. The office staff were very professional, polite and communication excellent informing me when & what time visits were to happen. Mo visited several times & was always courteous, informed me what he was going to do & showed me pictures of the loft so I could see what he was doing. He answered questions & was reassuring. Good experience all round
Susan Williams
Susan Williams
Customer service excellent and certainly know what they are doing. Communication good and immediate response to my initial approach. Mo, the gentleman who attended was very knowledgeable and a lovely man. We would recommend this company.
Rose Chapman
Rose Chapman
I was recommended Falcon to remove a wasp nest from the fascia’s which turned out to be two nests. I can’t rate them highly enough and their quick response was thoroughly followed up until completely sorted. They are honest, friendly and reliable and I would not hesitate to recommend them. It is great to support local people who are good at their work and this is a team who really deserve exactly this. Thank you.
Ros Durston
Ros Durston
I received a highly professional and genuinely caring service. I would not hesitate to recommend them and to use them again.
Kate Jennings
Kate Jennings
Matthew was extremely thorough and very professional and informative. It was unnecessary to take any further steps as there was no evidence of mice.

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